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By 1865, it was clear that the war was almost over, although Lee was determined to fight to the bitter end. In March, Lee made an attempt to break the Petersburg siege by an early morning attack on Ford Stedman. After initial success, the Confederates were caught in a firestorm from the Third New Jersey Artillery. After the Confederates abandoned the Richmond-Petersburg line in April, the all-black Twenty-fifth Corps, which included many soldiers from New Jersey, was the first to occupy the capitol. Sporadic fighting continued until the surrender at Appomattox Court House on April 9. Colonel Hugh Janeway of the First Cavalry, the scion of a wealthy New Brunswick family, was killed at Amelia Springs on April 5. His body was returned to New Brunswick, where he was buried in Elmwood Cemetery.

Hugh H. Janeway. Photograph. New Brunswick: D. Clark Studio, 1863

Hugh H. Janeway was a colonel and commander of the 1st New Jersey Volunteer Cavalry. He died on April 5, 1865 in the Battle of Amelia Springs, Virginia — one of fourteen battles that occured during the Appomattax Campaign which lasted from March 29 to April 9, 1865.

Soldier's Memorial, 2nd Regiment, Company C, NJ Cavalry. Poster. 1863.